The Institute of Environmental Studies (IDEA in Spanish), of the National University of Colombia, in Manizales, has lead the development of the first phase of the “Disaster Risk and Management Indicators Program for the Americas”, Operation ATN/JF-7907-RG and Component II of the "Information and Indicators Program for Disaster Risk Management", that has been achieved with the support of the Inter-American Development Bank, IDB, in the framework of its technical cooperation.
In this project it was designed and applied an assessment methodology that allows to measure, using indices or composite indicators, key factors of countries' vulnerability to natural hazard events and the performance of disaster risk management. The purpose of the project has been to provide a risk communication tool in the decision-makers’ language and improve the access to appropriate data to meet the challenges of reducing and managing natural disaster risk in the region. Testing the methodology of indicators was done initially in twelve countries of the Americas and included four stages:
1) The development of a conceptual framework and preliminary definition of indicators of vulnerability and risk, and performance indicators for disaster risk management;
2) The design of the “System of indicators” and the data and relevant information collection method;
3) The testing of the system of indicators in the selected countries;
4) The holding of a regional technical workshop with policy-makers and experts to evaluate the assessment methodology and to disseminate results.
Afterwards, the system of indicators has been applied in other countries different of the first group, with the support of the Regional Dialogue of Policy on Natural Disasters of the IDB. The second phase of the program has the purpose to complete the application in all other countries of Latin America and the Caribbean and promote the dialogues and analysis of the outcomes in each country with the different stakeholders.