The Institute of Environmental Studies (IDEA in Spanish) of the National University of Colombia, Manizales developed the System of Indicators to improve disaster risk understanding and disaster risk management performance. Its objective was to design and apply a transparent, representative and robust System of Indicators, easily understood by public policymakers, relatively easy to update periodically and that allow cluster and comparison between countries. This System of Indicators was designed between 2003 and 2005 with the support of the Operation ATN/JF-7906/07-RG “Information and Indicators Program for Disaster Risk Management” of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).
In the first phase twelve countries were evaluated from 1985 to 2000. Afterwards of two additional countries were evaluated with the support of the Policy Regional Dialogue on Natural Disasters. In 2008 a methodological review and the updating of the indicators for twelve countries was made in the framework of the Operation RG-T1579/ATN/MD-11238-RG. Indicators were updating to 2005 and for the most recent date according to information availability (2007 or 2008) for Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Dominican Republic and Trinidad and Tobago. In addition, Barbados and Panama were included in the program. This update was made by the ERN-AL consortium.